ECF (ELEMENTAL CHLORINE FREE)
A common definition for pulp bleached without using basic chlorine; originally any of the bleaching techniques for chemical pulp, when no molecular (elemental) chlorine is used.
Device that includes two jets of water that are adjustable across the making machine and that divide the wet web on the wire lengthwise so that the edges may be removed, generally at the couch. In this way, they control the width of the web going forward from the wire part and give it comparatively clean edges.
Paper on which a raised and/or depressed design has been produced by pressure, usually from an engraved or otherwise patterned roll or plate.
Scattering of water into the ink during printing. An excess of this may cause printing difficulties.
Paper coated by any suitable coating procedure with plastics or resins applied in the form of an emulsion.
Engine sizing is sometimes known as internal sizing. The addition to the paper making stock of chemicals that eventually confer on the paper the property of resisting penetration by aqueous liquids, e.g., writing ink.
EQUILIBRIUM MOISTURE CONTENT
The moisture content of a paper that has reached a balance with the atmosphere surrounding it, i.e., in a condition in which
it will neither secrete nor absorb moisture.
A grass naturally occurring in North Africa that, when pulped, produces a bulky fiber for making good quality paper. It was once a common papermaking fiber.
A method of coating a web of paper with resins, plastics or similar hot-melt compounds. The coating is applied through an extruder die positioned instantly above the nip between a supporting roll and a chill roll.