A large variety of plain or colored body papers that are made to be gummed, or for application of a self-adhesive material, and afterwards cut into a vast number of shapes and sizes depending on end use and surface application.
A continuous watermark consisting of very close parallel lines, usually associated with spaced lines (chain lines) at right angles to these.
Lamination is to bond a plastic film to a printed sheet with heat and pressure for protection and give it a glossy finish. Also, it is the fusing of one or more layers of paper to acheive the desired thickness and quality.
A light form of mineral coating, obtained by supplying the surface sizing press of the papermaking machine with coating material instead of normal surface sizing solution.
A material in wood that binds its fibers together and reinforces its structure. Lignin is removed in the manufacture of chemical pulp.
Lithographic printing refers to a method of printing whereby the image areas, which are neither raised nor depressed, attract ink and the non-image areas repel ink. Most lithography is offset lithography in which the image is transferred from the plate to a rubber blanket, and then printed (offset) from the blanket onto the paper.
See Short Grain.
The appearance of the paper when held up to transmitted light. It reveals whether the formation is even and uniform or lumpy and “wild.” For book publishing papers, a regular, even look-through is desirable, indicating a well-made, uniform sheet.